Art Clokey “One Of The LionessMoon Unforgettables” Meowsjr =^.^=
Arthur “Art” Clokey (born Arthur Charles Farrington; October 12, 1921 – January 8, 2010) was an American pioneer in the popularization of stop motion clay animation, best known as the creator of the character Gumby and the original voice of Gumby’s sidekick, Pokey. Clokey’s career began in 1955 with a film experiment called Gumbasia, which was influenced by his professor, Slavko Vorkapich, at the University of Southern California. Clokey and his wife Ruth subsequently came up with the clay character Gumby and his horse Pokey, who first appeared in the Howdy Doody Show, and later got their own series The Adventures of Gumby, with which they became a familiar presence on American television. The characters enjoyed a renewal of interest in the 1980s when American actor and comedian Eddie Murphy parodied Gumby in a skit on Saturday Night Live. In the 1990s Gumby: The Movie was released, sparking even more interest.
Clokey founded the company Premavision (which has manufacturing subsidiary, Prema Toy Company) around his Gumby and Pokey franchise.
Art Clokey also made a few highly experimental and visually inventive short clay animation films for adults, including his first student film Gumbasia (produced in 1953 and released in 1955), the visually rich Mandala (1977) — described by Clokey as a metaphor for evolving human consciousness — and the equally bizarre The Clay Peacock (1963), an elaboration on the animated NBC logo of the time. Consisting of animated clay shapes contorting to a jazz score, Gumbasia so intrigued Samuel G. Engel, then president of the Motion Pictures Producers Association, that he financed the pilot film for what became Clokey’s The Gumby Show (1957). The title Gumbasia was in homage to Walt Disney’s Fantasia.
The Clokeys are credited with the clay-animation title sequences for the 1965 beach movies Dr. Goldfoot and the Bikini Machine and How to Stuff a Wild Bikini. His son, Joe Clokey, continued the Davey and Goliath cartoon in 2004. In March 2007, KQED-TV broadcast the hour-long documentary Gumby Dharma as part of their Truly CA series.
In 1995, Clokey and Dallas McKennon teamed up again for Gumby: The Movie, a feature film. The movie was not a success at the box office and was widely panned by critics, although it saw modest success on home media, going on to sell more than a million copies on home media, cementing itself as a cult classic. It was released in its original 90-minute theatrical version on Blu-ray in 2017.
In the mid-1990s, Nickelodeon, Fox and Cartoon Network signed a contract with Art Clokey to air every episode of Gumby for its anchor spots at 8 a.m. and 2 p.m. It was on top of their ratings for over three years.
Arthur Charles Farrington
October 12, 1921
|Died||January 8, 2010 (aged 88)|
|Alma mater||Pomona College|
|Occupation||Animator, director, producer, screenwriter, voice actor|
|Known for||Creator of Gumby|
(m. 1948; div. 1966)
(m. 1976; died 1998)
|Family||Joseph W. Clokey (father)|
Death And Legacy
On October 12, 2011, which would have been Clokey’s 90th birthday, Google paid homage to Clokey’s life and works with an interactive logo doodle in the style of his clay animations, produced by Premavision Studios.
- Gumbasia (1955) (animator, director, producer and writer)
- The Gumby Show (1957–1968) as Pokey (voice) (Also animator, director, producer and writer)
- Davey and Goliath (1961–1964, 1971–1975) (director, producer and writer)
- Mandala (1977) (Also director, producer and camera operator)
- The Puppetoon Movie (1987) as Pokey (voice)
- Gumby Adventures (1988) as Worm (voice) (Also director, producer and head writer)
- Gumby: The Movie (1995) as Pokey (voice) (Also director, producer, script writer and animator)
- Tim Lawson; Alisa Persons, eds. (2004). The magic behind the voices. University Press of Mississippi. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-57806-696-4.
- TV personalities: biographical sketch book: Volume 3. St. Louis, Mo. : TV Personalities. 1957. OCLC 2470684.
- Gumby’ creator Art Clokey, dead at 88, had an especially animated life
- Art Clokey dies at 88; creator of Gumby
- “Who Are Davey and Goliath?”. Daveyandgoliath.org. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
- These films have recently become available for purchase by the public and are included in the Rhino box-set release of Gumby’s television shorts.
- The Clay Peacock, Gumby World
- Felch, Jason (January 9, 2010). “Art Clokey dies at 88; creator of Gumby”. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
- Fox, Margalit (January 11, 2010). “Art Clokey, Animator Who Created Gumby, Dies at 88”. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 14 January 2010. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
- Pemberton, Patrick S. “‘Gumby’ creator and Los Osos resident Art Clokey dies” Archived January 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine., SanLuisObispo.com/The Tribune, January 8, 2010
- Art Clokey: How Gumby got his name, Christian Science Monitor, retrieved 2010-10-12.
Mel Blac “One Of The LionessMoon Unforgettables” Meowsjr =^.^=
Melvin Jerome Blanc (May 30, 1908 – July 10, 1989) was an American voice actor, comedian, singer, and radio personality. After beginning his over 60-year career performing in radio, he became known for his work in animationas the voices of Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Tweety Bird, Sylvester the Cat, Yosemite Sam, Foghorn Leghorn, Marvin the Martian, Pepé Le Pew, Speedy Gonzales, Wile E. Coyote, Road Runner, the Tasmanian Devil, and many of the other characters from the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies theatrical cartoons during the golden age of American animation. He voiced all of the major male Warner Bros. cartoon characters except for Elmer Fudd, whose voice was provided by fellow radio personality Arthur Q. Bryan, although Blanc later voiced Fudd, as well, after Bryan’s death.
He later voiced characters for Hanna-Barbera‘s television cartoons, including Barney Rubble on The Flintstonesand Mr. Spacely on The Jetsons. Blanc was also the original voice of Woody Woodpecker for Universal Picturesand provided vocal effects for the Tom and Jerry cartoons directed by Chuck Jones for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, replacing William Hanna. During the golden age of radio, Blanc also frequently performed on the programs of famous comedians from the era, including Jack Benny, Abbott and Costello, Burns and Allen, and Judy Canova.
Melvin Jerome Blank
May 30, 1908
San Francisco, California, U.S.
|Died||July 10, 1989 (aged 81)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Hollywood Forever Cemetery|
|Other names||“The Man of 1000 Voices”|
|Alma mater||Lincoln High School|
|Occupation||Voice actor, comedian, singer, radio personality|
|Known for||Looney Tunes (1937–89)
The Jack Benny Program(1939–65)
Blanc was born in San Francisco, California, to Russian-Jewish parents Frederick and Eva Blank, the younger of two children. He grew up in the Western Addition neighborhood in San Francisco, and later in Portland, Oregon, where he attended Lincoln High School. Growing up, he had a fondness for voices and dialect, which he began voicing at the age of 10. He claimed that he changed the spelling of his name when he was 16, from “Blank” to “Blanc”, because a teacher told him that he would amount to nothing and be like his name, a “blank”. Blanc joined the Order of DeMolay as a young man, and was eventually inducted into its Hall of Fame. After graduating from high school in 1927, he split his time between leading an orchestra, becoming the youngest conductor in the country at the age of 19, and performing shtick in vaudeville shows around Washington, Oregon, and northern California.
Blanc began his radio career at the age of 19 in 1927, when he made his acting debut on the KGW program The Hoot Owls, where his ability to provide voices for multiple characters first attracted attention. He moved to Los Angeles in 1932, where he met Estelle Rosenbaum (1909–2003), whom he married a year later, before returning to Portland. He moved to KEX in 1933 to produce and co-host his Cobweb and Nuts show with his wife Estelle, which debuted on June 15. The program played Monday through Saturday from 11:00 pm to midnight, and by the time the show ended two years later, it appeared from 10:30 pm to 11:00 pm.
With his wife’s encouragement, Blanc returned to Los Angeles and joined Warner Bros.–owned KFWB in Hollywood in 1935. He joined The Johnny Murray Show, but the following year switched to CBS Radio and The Joe Penner Show.
Blanc was a regular on the NBC Red Network show The Jack Benny Program in various roles, including voicing Benny’s Maxwell automobile (in desperate need of a tune-up), violin teacher Professor LeBlanc, Polly the Parrot, Benny’s pet polar bear Carmichael, the tormented department-store clerk, and the train announcer. The first role came from a mishap when the recording of the automobile’s sounds failed to play on cue, prompting Blanc to take the microphone and improvise the sounds himself. The audience reacted so positively that Benny decided to dispense with the recording altogether and have Blanc continue in that role. One of Blanc’s most memorable characters from Benny’s radio (and later TV) programs was “Sy, the Little Mexican”, who spoke one word at a time. The famous “Sí … Sy … Sue … sew” routine was so effective that no matter how many times it was performed, the laughter was always there, thanks to the comedic timing of Blanc and Benny. Blanc continued to work with him on radio until the series ended in 1955 and followed the program into television from Benny’s 1950 debut episode through guest spots on NBC specials in the 1970s. They last appeared together on a Johnny Carson Tonight Show in January 1974. A few months later, Blanc spoke highly of Benny on a Tom Snyder Tomorrow show special aired the night of the comedian’s death.
By 1946, Blanc appeared on over 15 radio programs in supporting roles. His success on The Jack Benny Program led to his own radio show on the CBS Radio Network, The Mel Blanc Show, which ran from September 3, 1946, to June 24, 1947. Blanc played himself as the hapless owner of a fix-it shop, as well as his young cousin Zookie.
Blanc also appeared on such other national radio programs as The Abbott and Costello Show, the Happy Postman on Burns and Allen, and as August Moon on Point Sublime. During World War II, he appeared as Private Sad Sack on various radio shows, including G.I. Journal. Blanc recorded a song titled “Big Bear Lake”.
Animation voice work during the golden age of Hollywood
In December 1936, Mel Blanc joined Leon Schlesinger Productions, which was producing theatrical cartoon shorts for Warner Bros. After sound man Treg Brown was put in charge of cartoon voices, and Carl Stalling became music director, Brown introduced Blanc to animation directors Tex Avery, Bob Clampett, Friz Freleng, and Frank Tashlin, who loved his voices. The first cartoon Blanc worked on was Picador Porky (1937) as the voice of a drunken bull. He soon after received his first starring role when he replaced Joe Dougherty as Porky Pig’s voice in Porky’s Duck Hunt, which marked the debut of Daffy Duck, also voiced by Blanc.
Following this, Blanc became a very prominent vocal artist for Warner Bros., voicing a wide variety of the “Looney Tunes” characters. Bugs Bunny, whom Blanc made his debut as in A Wild Hare (1940), was known for eating carrots frequently (especially while saying his catchphrase “Eh, what’s up, doc?”). To follow this sound with the animated voice, Blanc would bite into a carrot and then quickly spit into a spittoon. One oft-repeated story is that Blanc was allergic to carrots, which Blanc denied.
In Disney‘s Pinocchio, Blanc was hired to perform the voice of Gideon the Cat. However, Gideon eventually was decided to be a mute character (similar to Dopey from Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs), so all of Blanc’s recorded dialogue was deleted except for a solitary hiccup, which was heard three times in the finished film.
Blanc also originated the voice and laugh of Woody Woodpecker for the theatrical cartoons produced by Walter Lantz for Universal Pictures, but stopped voicing Woody after the character’s first three shorts when he was signed to an exclusive contract with Warner Bros. (his laugh was used in the cartoons until 1951, while his “Guess who!?” signature line was used until the end of the series in 1972).
Throughout his career, Blanc, aware of his talents, protected the rights to his voice characterizations contractually and legally. He, and later his estate, never hesitated taking civil action when those rights were violated. Voice actors at the time rarely received screen credits, but Blanc was an exception; by 1944, his contract with Warner Bros. stipulated a credit reading “Voice characterization(s) by Mel Blanc.” According to his autobiography, Blanc asked for and received this screen credit from studio boss Leon Schlesinger after he was denied a salary raise. Initially, Blanc’s screen credit was limited only to cartoons where he voiced Bugs Bunny, with any other shorts he worked on being uncredited. In the middle of 1945, the contract was amended to include a screen credit for cartoons featuring Porky Pig and/or Daffy Duck, as well, save for any shorts made before that amendment occurred (Book Revue and Baby Bottleneck are examples, despite being released after the fact). By the end of 1946, Blanc began receiving a screen credit in any subsequent Warner Bros. cartoon for which he provided voices.
Voice work for Hanna-Barbera and others
In 1960, after the expiration of his exclusive contract with Warner Bros., Blanc continued working for them, but also began providing voices for the TV cartoons produced by Hanna-Barbera; his most famous roles during this time were Barney Rubble of The Flintstones and Cosmo Spacely of The Jetsons. His other voice roles for Hanna-Barbera included Dino the Dinosaur, Secret Squirrel, Speed Buggy, and Captain Caveman, as well as voices for Wally Gator and The Perils of Penelope Pitstop.
Blanc also worked with former “Looney Tunes” director Chuck Jones, who by this time was directing shorts with his own company Sib Tower 12 (later MGM Animation/Visual Arts), doing vocal effects for the Tom and Jerry series from 1963 to 1967. Blanc was the first voice of Toucan Sam in Froot Loops commercials.
Blanc reprised some of his Warner Bros. characters when the studio contracted him to make new theatrical cartoons in the mid- to late 1960s. For these, Blanc voiced Daffy Duck and Speedy Gonzales, the characters who received the most frequent use in these shorts (later, newly introduced characters such as Cool Cat and Merlin the Magic Mouse were voiced by Larry Storch). Blanc also continued to voice the “Looney Tunes” for the bridging sequences of The Bugs Bunny Show, as well as in numerous animated advertisements and several compilation features, such as The Bugs Bunny/Road Runner Movie (1979). He also voiced Granny in Bugs Bunny’s High-Fructose Christmas Record (in place of June Foray).
Car accident and aftermath
On January 24, 1961, Blanc was involved in a near-fatal car accident. He was driving alone when his sports car collided head-on with a car driven by 18-year-old college student Arthur Rolston on Sunset Boulevard. Rolston suffered minor injuries, but Blanc was rushed to the UCLA Medical Center with a triple skull fracture that left him in a coma for two weeks, along with sustaining fractures to both legs and the pelvis. About two weeks after the accident, one of Blanc’s neurologists tried a different approach.[clarification needed] Blanc was asked, “How are you feeling today, Bugs Bunny?” After a slight pause, Blanc answered, in a weak voice, “Eh… just fine, Doc. How are you?” The doctor then asked Tweety if he was there, too. “I tawt I taw a puddy tat,” was the reply. Blanc returned home on March 17. Four days later, Blanc filed a US$500,000 lawsuit against the city of Los Angeles. His accident, one of 26 in the preceding two years at the intersection known as Dead Man’s Curve, resulted in the city funding the restructuring of curves at the location.
Years later, Blanc revealed that during his recovery, his son Noel “ghosted” several Warner Bros. cartoons’ voice tracks for him. Warner Bros. had also asked Stan Freberg to provide the voice for Bugs Bunny, but Freberg declined, out of respect for Blanc. At the time of the accident, Blanc was also serving as the voice of Barney Rubble in The Flintstones. His absence from the show was relatively brief; Daws Butler provided the voice of Barney for a few episodes, after which the show’s producers set up recording equipment in Blanc’s hospital room and later at his home to allow him to work from there. Some of the recordings were made while he was in full-body cast as he lay flat on his back with the other Flintstones co-stars gathered around him. He also returned to The Jack Benny Programto film the program’s 1961 Christmas show, moving around by crutches and a wheelchair.
In the 1970s, Blanc gave a series of college lectures across the US and appeared in commercials for American Express. Mel’s production company, Blanc Communications Corporation, collaborated on a special with the Boston-based Shriners’ Burns Institute called Ounce of Prevention, which became a 30-minute TV special.
Throughout the 1980s, Blanc performed his “Looney Tunes” characters for bridging sequences in various compilation films of Golden Age-era Warner Bros. cartoons, such as The Looney Looney Looney Bugs Bunny Movie, Bugs Bunny’s 3rd Movie: 1001 Rabbit Tales, Daffy Duck’s Fantastic Island, and Daffy Duck’s Quackbusters. His final performance of his “Looney Tunes” roles was in Bugs Bunny’s Wild World of Sports (1989). After spending most of two seasons voicing the diminutive robot Twiki in Buck Rogers in the 25th Century, Blanc’s last original character was Heathcliff, in the early 1980s.
In the live-action/animated movie Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988 ), Blanc reprised several of his roles from Warner Bros. cartoons (Bugs, Daffy, Porky, Tweety, and Sylvester), but left Yosemite Sam to Joe Alaskey (who later became one of Blanc’s regular replacements until his death in 2016). The film was one of the few Disney projects in which Blanc was involved. Blanc died just a year after the film’s release. His final recording session was for Jetsons: The Movie (1990).
In 1962, Mel and his son Noel formed Blanc Communications Corporation,:228, 252 a media company which remains in operation. Mel and his son Noel produced over 5000 public service announcements and commercials, appearing with Kirk Douglas, Lucille Ball, Vincent Price, Phyllis Diller, Liberace, and The Who.
Blanc began smoking cigarettes when he was nine years old. He continued his pack-a-day habit until he was diagnosed with emphysema, which pushed him to quit at age 77. On May 19, 1989, Blanc was checked into Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles by his family  when they noticed he had a bad cough while shooting a commercial; he was originally expected to recover. Blanc’s health then took a turn for the worse and doctors found that he had advanced coronary artery disease. He died on July 10 at Cedars-Sinai, at the age of 81. He is interred in Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Hollywood. Blanc’s will stated his desire to have the inscription on his gravestone read, “THAT’S ALL FOLKS”, the phrase that was the hallmark of Blanc’s character, Porky Pig.
Blanc’s death was considered a significant loss to the cartoon industry because of his skill, expressive range, and sheer volume of continuing characters he portrayed, which are currently taken up by several other voice talents. Indeed, as movie critic Leonard Maltin once pointed out, “It is astounding to realize that Tweety Bird and Yosemite Sam are the same man!”
According to Blanc, Sylvester the Cat was the easiest character to voice because “It’s just my normal speaking voice with a spray at the end.” Yosemite Sam was the hardest because of his loudness and raspiness.
A doctor who once examined Blanc’s throat found that he possessed unusually thick, powerful vocal cords that gave him an exceptional range. The doctor reported that they rivaled those of opera singer Enrico Caruso.
After his death, Blanc’s voice continued to be heard in newly released productions, such as recordings of Dino the Dinosaur in the live-action films The Flintstones (1994) and The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas (2000). Similarly, recordings of Blanc as Jack Benny’s Maxwell were featured in Looney Tunes: Back in Action (2003). More recently, archive recordings of Blanc have been featured in new computer-generated imagery-animated “Looney Tunes” theatrical shorts; I Tawt I Taw a Puddy Tat (shown with Happy Feet Two) and Daffy’s Rhapsody (shown with Journey 2: The Mysterious Island).
Blanc trained his son Noel in the field of voice characterization. Although the younger Blanc has performed his father’s characters (particularly Porky Pig) on some programs, he has chosen not to become a full-time voice artist.
For his contributions to the radio industry, Mel Blanc has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6385 Hollywood Boulevard. His character Bugs Bunny also has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (the only others to have received this honor are Walt Disney as both himself and Mickey Mouse, Jim Henson as both himself and Kermit the Frog, and Mike Myers as both himself and Shrek).
|Original Air Date||Program||Role|
|1933||The Happy-Go-Lucky Hour||Additional voices|
|1937||The Joe Penner Show||Additional voices|
|1938||The Mickey Mouse Theater of the Air||Mayor of Hamelin, Neptune’s Son, Priscilly, Royal Herald, additional voices|
|1939–43||Fibber McGee and Molly||Hiccuping Man|
|1939–55||The Jack Benny Program||Sy, Polly the Parrot, Mr. Finque, Nottingham, Train Announcer, Jack Benny’s Maxwell, additional voices|
|1941–43||The Great Gildersleeve||Floyd Munson|
|1942–47||The Abbott and Costello Show||Himself, Botsford Twink, Scotty Brown|
|1943–47||The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show||The Happy Postman|
|1943–55||The Judy Canova Show||Paw, Pedro, Roscoe E. Wortle|
|1946–47||The Mel Blanc Show||Himself, Dr. Christopher Crab, Children, Zookie|
|1955-56||The Cisco Kid||Pan Pancho (replacing Harry Lang), additional voices|
|1937–69||Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies theatrical shorts||Numerous voices||Includes the Bugs Bunny, Porky Pig, Daffy Duck and Sylvester series|
|1940||Pinocchio||Gideon (hiccup)||Voice (uncredited)|
|1940–41||Woody Woodpeckertheatrical shorts||Woody Woodpecker||Voice (uncredited)|
|1943–45||Private Snafu WWIIshorts||Private Snafu, Bugs Bunny, additional characters||Voice (uncredited)|
|1944||Jasper Goes Hunting||Bugs Bunny||Puppetoon; cameo
|1948||Two Guys from Texas||Bugs Bunny||Live-action; animated cameo (voice)|
|1949||My Dream Is Yours||Bugs Bunny, Tweety||Live-action; animated cameos (voice)|
|1950||Champagne for Caesar||Caesar (parrot)||Voice|
|1959–65||Loopy De Loop theatrical shorts||Crow, Braxton Bear, Skunk, Duck Hunter||Voice; He did the following shorts: Common Scents, Bear Hug, Trouble Bruin, Bear Knuckles, Crow’s Fete.|
|1961||Breakfast at Tiffany’s||Over-eager date||Live-action; cameo|
|1963–67||Tom and Jerry theatrical shorts||Tom and Jerry‘s vocal effects||Directed by Chuck Jones
|1964||Hey There, It’s Yogi Bear!||Grifter Chizzling, Southern Accented Bear in train, Mugger (grumbling sounds)||Voice|
|1964||Kiss Me, Stupid||Dr. Sheldrake||Live-action|
|1966||The Man Called Flintstone||Barney Rubble, Dino||Voice|
|1970||The Phantom Tollbooth||Officer Short Shrift, The Dodecahedron, The Demon of Insincerity||Voice|
|1974||Journey Back to Oz||Crow||Voice|
|1979||The Bugs Bunny/Road Runner Movie||Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Wile E. Coyote, Pepé Le Pew, Marvin the Martian, additional voices||Compilation film
|1979–88||Looney Tunes theatrical shorts and video shorts||Numerous voices||Voice|
|1981||The Looney Looney Looney Bugs Bunny Movie||Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Tweety, Sylvester, Speedy Gonzales, Yosemite Sam, additional voices||Compilation film
|1982||Bugs Bunny’s 3rd Movie: 1001 Rabbit Tales||Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Tweety, Sylvester, Speedy Gonzales, Yosemite Sam, additional voices||Compilation film
|1983||Daffy Duck’s Fantastic Island||Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Tweety, Sylvester, Speedy Gonzales, Yosemite Sam, Foghorn Leghorn, Tasmanian Devil, Bugs Bunny||Compilation film
|1983||Strange Brew||Father MacKenzie||Live-action; Voice|
|1986||Heathcliff: The Movie||Heathcliff||Voice|
|1988||Who Framed Roger Rabbit||Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Tweety, Sylvester||Live-action/animated film; cameos
|1988||Daffy Duck’s Quackbusters||Daffy Duck, Bugs Bunny, Porky Pig, Tweety, Sylvester, additional voices||Compilation film
|1990||Jetsons: The Movie||Cosmo Spacely||Released posthumously; dedicated in memory, character finished by Jeff Bergman
|1950–65||The Jack Benny Program||Professor LeBlanc, Sy, Department Store Clerk, Gas Station Man, Mr. Finque, additional characters||Live-action|
|1959||The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis||Mr. Ziegler||Live-action; episode: “The Best Dressed Man”|
|1960–89||The Bugs Bunny Show||Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Tweety, Sylvester, Speedy Gonzales, Yosemite Sam, Foghorn Leghorn, Wile E. Coyote, additional voices||Compilation series|
|1960–66||The Flintstones||Barney Rubble, Dino, additional voices||Voice|
|1960||Mister Magoo||Additional voices||36 episodes|
|1961||Dennis the Menace||Leo Trinkle||Episode: “Miss Cathcart’s Friend”|
|The Jetsons||Cosmo Spacely, additional voices||Voice|
|1962–63||Lippy the Lion & Hardy Har Har||Hardy Har Har, additional voices||Voice|
|1963||Wally Gator||Colonel Zachary Gator||Voice; 1 episode|
|1964||The Beverly Hillbillies||Dick Burton||Live-action; 1 episode|
|1964–66||Breezly and Sneezly||Sneezly Seal||Voice|
|1964–66||Ricochet Rabbit & Droop-a-Long||Droop-a-Long, additional voices||Voice|
|1964–66||The Munsters||Cuckoo clock||Live-action; voice; 6 episodes|
|1965–67||The Atom Ant/Secret Squirrel Show||Secret Squirrel||Voice|
|1966||The Monkees||Monkeemobile engine||Voice; 1 episode|
|1969–71||The Perils of Penelope Pitstop||Yak Yak, The Bully Brothers, Chug-A-Boom||Voice|
|1971–73||The Pebbles and Bamm-Bamm Show||Barney Rubble, additional voices||Voice|
|1972||Daffy Duck and Porky Pig Meet the Groovie Goolies||Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Yosemite Sam, Elmer Fudd, Sylvester, Tweety, Wile E. Coyote, Pepé Le Pew, Foghorn Leghorn, Charlie Dog||TV movie|
|1972–73||The Flintstone Comedy Hour||Barney Rubble, Dino, Zonk, Stub||Voice|
|1973||Speed Buggy||Speed Buggy||Voice|
|1973||The New Scooby-Doo Movies||Speed Buggy||Voice; episode: “The Weird Winds of Winona”|
|1976||Bugs and Daffy’s Carnival of the Animals||Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig||TV special|
|1977||Bugs Bunny’s Easter Special||Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Yosemite Sam, Tweety, Sylvester, Pepé Le Pew, Foghorn Leghorn, Porky Pig||TV special|
|1977||Bugs Bunny in Space||Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Marvin the Martian||TV special|
|1977–78||Scooby’s All-Star Laff-A-Lympics||Speed Buggy, Captain Caveman, Barney Rubble||Voice|
|1977–78||Fred Flintstone and Friends||Barney Rubble, additional voices||Voice|
|1977–80||Captain Caveman and the Teen Angels||Captain Caveman||Voice|
|1977||A Flintstone Christmas||Barney Rubble, Dino||TV special|
|1978||The Flintstones: Little Big League||Barney Rubble||TV special|
|1978||How Bugs Bunny Won the West||Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Yosemite Sam||TV special|
|1978||A Connecticut Rabbit in King Arthur’s Court||Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck (as King Arthur), Yosemite Sam (as Merlin), Porky Pig (as Varlet), Elmer Fudd (as Sir Elmer of Fudd)||TV special|
|1978||Bugs Bunny’s Howl-Oween Special||Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Sylvester, Tweety, Speedy Gonzales||TV special|
|1978||Hanna-Barbera’s All-Star Comedy Ice Revue||Barney Rubble, Dino||TV special|
|1979||Bugs Bunny’s Valentine||Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Elmer Fudd, Cupid||TV special|
|1979||The Bugs Bunny Mother’s Day Special||Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Foghorn Leghorn, Sylvester, Stork||TV special|
|1979||Fred and Barney Meet the Thing||Barney Rubble, Dino, additional voices||Voice|
|1979||The New Fred and Barney Show||Barney Rubble, Dino, additional voices||Voice|
|1979–80||Fred and Barney Meet the Shmoo||Barney Rubble, Dino, additional voices||Voice|
|1979–81||Buck Rogers in the 25th Century||Twiki||Live-action; voice|
|1979||Bugs Bunny’s Thanksgiving Diet||Bugs Bunny, Porky Pig, Wile E. Coyote, Yosemite Sam, Sylvester, Tasmanian Devil, Millicent||TV special|
|1979||Bugs Bunny’s Looney Christmas Tales||Bugs Bunny, Yosemite Sam (as Scrooge), Porky Pig (as Bob Cratchit), Tweety (as Tiny Tim), Foghorn Leghorn, Road Runner, Wile E. Coyote, Tasmanian Devil, Santa Claus||TV special|
|1980||Bugs Bunny’s Bustin’ Out All Over||Bugs Bunny, Young Bugs Bunny, Young Elmer Fudd, Marvin the Martian, Hugo, Wile E. Coyote, Road Runner||TV special|
|1980||Daffy Duck’s Easter Egg-citement||Daffy Duck, Foghorn Leghorn, Sylvester, Speedy Gonzales||TV special|
|1980||The Bugs Bunny Mystery Special||Bugs Bunny, Elmer Fudd, Yosemite Sam, Tweety, Sylvester, Wile E. Coyote, Porky Pig||TV special|
|1980||3-2-1 Contact||Twiki||1 episode|
|1980||Daffy Duck’s Thanks-For-Giving Special||Daffy Duck, Duck Dodgers, Porky Pig/Eager Young Space Cadet, Marvin the Martian, Gossamer||TV special|
|1980||The Flintstones: Fred’s Final Fling||Barney Rubble, Dino||TV special|
|1980–82||The Flintstone Comedy Show||Barney Rubble, Dino, Captain Caveman||Voice|
|1981||Bugs Bunny: All American Hero||Bugs Bunny, Clyde Rabbit, Yosemite Sam, Porky Pig, Tweety, Sylvester||TV special|
|1981||The Flintstones: Jogging Fever||Barney Rubble||TV special|
|1981||The Flintstones: Wind-Up Wilma||Barney Rubble, Dino||TV special|
|1982||Bugs Bunny’s Mad World of Television||Bugs Bunny, Yosemite Sam, Porky Pig, Daffy Duck, Pepe Le Pew||TV special|
|1982||Yogi Bear’s All Star Comedy Christmas Caper||Barney Rubble, additional voices||TV special|
|1982–84||The Flintstone Funnies||Barney Rubble, Captain Caveman||Voice|
|1984–88||Heathcliff and the Catillac Cats||Heathcliff||Voice|
|1986–88||The Flintstone Kids||Dino, Robert Rubble, Captain Caveman, Piggy McGrabit||Voice|
|1986||The Flintstones’ 25th Anniversary Celebration||Barney Rubble||TV special|
|1987||The Jetsons Meet the Flintstones||Barney Rubble, Dino, Cosmo Spacely||TV movie|
|1988||Rockin’ with Judy Jetson||Cosmo Spacely||TV movie|
|1988||Bugs vs. Daffy: Battle of the Music Video Stars||Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Tweety, Yosemite Sam, Pepe Le Pew, Sylvester||TV special|
|1988||Roger Rabbit and the Secrets of Toontown||Himself||TV special|
|1989||Bugs Bunny’s Wild World of Sports||Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Yosemite Sam, Elmer Fudd, Foghorn Leghorn, Angus McCrory||TV special|
|1989||Hanna-Barbera’s 50th: A Yabba Dabba Doo Celebration||Barney Rubble||TV special; aired just seven days after his death|
- Flint, Peter B. (July 11, 1989). “Mel Blanc, Who Provided Voices For 3,000 Cartoons, Is Dead at 81”. The New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2008.
Mel Blanc, the versatile, multi-voiced actor who breathed life into such cartoon characters as Bugs Bunny, Woody Woodpecker, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Tweety Pie, Sylvester and the Road Runner, died of heart disease and emphysema yesterday at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles. He was 81 years old.
- “Mel Blanc”. Behind the Voice Actors. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- Harmetz, Aljean (November 24, 1988). “Man of a Thousand Voices, Speaking Literally”. The New York Times. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
- “Mel Blanc’s bio at Ochcom.org”. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
- Mintun, Peter (April 13, 1993) “Look Back to the Upper Fillmore” The Fillmore Museum
- “Mel Blanc”. pdxhistory.com. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- DeMolay International. “DeMolay Hall of Fame”. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Blanc, Mel; Bashe, Philip (1989). That’s Not All, Folks!. Clayton South, VIC, Australia: Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-51244-3.
- on YouTube
- Barrier, Michael (2003), Hollywood Cartoons: American Animation in Its Golden Age, Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-516729-0
- Adamson, Joe (1990). Bugs Bunny: 50 Years and Only One Grey Hare. New York: Henry Holt. ISBN 978-0-8050-1190-6
- Tim Lawson, The Magic Behind The Voices: A Who’s Who of Cartoon Voice Actors University Press of Mississippi, 2004
- “Did Mel Blanc hate carrots?” A Straight Dope column by Science Advisory Board Member Rico November 4, 2008 (accessed November 20, 2008)
- No Strings Attached: The Making of Pinocchio, Pinocchio DVD, 2009
- “Misce-Looney-Ous: Situation Normal All Fouled Up”. Looney. Golden age cartoons. Archived from the original on May 12, 2008. Retrieved February 20,2012.
- “New York Times filmography”. Retrieved November 25, 2014.
- “Mel Blanc: From Anonymity To Offscreen Superstar (The advent of on-screen voice credits)”. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- “Bugs Bunny’s High-Fructose Christmas Record”. cartoonresearch.com. Retrieved 2018-08-06.
- “Mel Blanc, Man of Many Voices, Badly Injured”. The Terre Haute Tribune. Terre Haute, IN. UPI. January 25, 1961. Retrieved December 10, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- That’s Not All, Folks!, 1988, by Mel Blanc and Philip Bashe. Warner Books, ISBN 0-446-39089-5 (softcover), ISBN 0-446-51244-3 (hardcover)
- Horowitz, Daniel (November 6, 2012). “What’s Up, Doc?”. RADIOLAB. Retrieved October 27, 2014.
- Rix, Kate (May 6, 2013). “The Strange Day When Bugs Bunny Saved the Life of Mel Blanc”. OpenCulture.com.
- ““Blanc laments lack of cartoon quality““. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
- “Mel Blanc Is Back at Work”. The Vernon Daily Record. Vernon, TX. AP. November 24, 1961. Retrieved December 11, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- “Ounce of prevention”. Charles S. Morgan Technical Library. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- Beck, Jerry. The Animated Movie Guide (2005).
- Blanc, Mel. (1988). That’s not all Folks!. Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-51244-3.
- “Blanc Communications Corporation official site”. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- Harmetz, Aljean (November 27, 1988). “Mel Blanc: His Voice Is His Fortune”. Sun-Sentinel. Tribune Company. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- “Mel Blanc – Obituary”. Retrieved November 25, 2014.
- Thomas, Nick (2011). Raised by the Stars: Interviews with 29 Children of Hollywood Actors. McFarland. p. 217. ISBN 0786464038.
- “More 3D Looney Tunes Shorts On The Way”. ComingSoon.net. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
- Vary, Adam B. “Looney Tunes short with Tweety Bird, Sylvester – EXCLUSIVE CLIP”. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
- “Bugs Bunny”. Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- Ohmart, Ben (2012). Mel Blanc: The Man of a Thousand Voices. Bearmanor Media. ISBN 978-1593937881.
- “Champagne for Caesar (1950) : Full Credits”. Turner Classic Movies. TCM Interactive Group, Inc. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
- That’s Not All, Folks!, 1988 by Mel Blanc, Philip Bashe. Warner Books, ISBN 0-446-39089-5 (Softcover), ISBN 0-446-51244-3 (Hardcover)
- Terrace, Vincent. Radio Programs, 1924–1984. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1999. ISBN 0-7864-0351-9
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mel Blanc.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Mel Blanc|
Hachiko “One Of The LionessMoon Unforgettables” Meowsjr =^.^=
I Love Hachiko!
Hachikō (ハチ公, November 10, 1923 – March 8, 1935) was a Japanese Akita dog remembered for his remarkable loyalty to his owner, Hidesaburō Ueno (上野 英三郎 Ueno Hidesaburō), for whom he continued to wait for over nine years following Ueno’s death.
Hachikō was born on November 10, 1923 at a farm near the city of Ōdate, Akita Prefecture. In 1924, Hidesaburō Ueno, a professor at the Tokyo Imperial University, brought him to live in Shibuya, Tokyo as his pet. Hachikō would meet Ueno at Shibuya Station every day after his commute home. This continued until May 21, 1925, when Ueno died of a cerebral hemorrhage while at work. From then until his death on March 8, 1935, Hachikō would return to Shibuya Station every day to await Ueno’s return.
During his lifetime, the dog was held up in Japanese culture as an example of loyalty and fidelity. Well after his death, he continues to be remembered in worldwide popular culture, with statues, movies, books, and appearances in various media. Hachikō is known in Japanese as chūken Hachikō (忠犬ハチ公) “faithful dog Hachikō”, hachi meaning “eight” and the suffix -kōindicating affection.
Hachiko, a golden brown Akita, was born on November 10, 1923 at a farm located in Ōdate, Akita Prefecture, Japan. In 1924, Hidesaburō Ueno, a professor in the agriculture department at the Tokyo Imperial University, took Hachikō as a pet and brought him to live in Shibuya, Tokyo. Ueno would commute daily to work, and Hachikō would leave the house to greet him at the end of each day at the nearby Shibuya Station. The pair continued the daily routine until May 21, 1925, when Ueno did not return. The professor had suffered a cerebral hemorrhage, while he was giving a lecture, and died without ever returning to the train station in which Hachikō waited.
Each day, for the next nine years, nine months and fifteen days, Hachikō awaited Ueno’s return, appearing precisely when the train was due at the station.
Hachikō attracted the attention of other commuters. Many of the people who frequented the Shibuya train station had seen Hachikō and Professor Ueno together each day. Initial reactions from the people, especially from those working at the station, were not necessarily friendly. However, after the first appearance of the article about him in Asahi Shimbun on October 4, 1932, people started to bring Hachikō treats and food to nourish him during his wait.
One of Ueno’s students, Hirokichi Saito, who developed expertise on the Akita breed, saw the dog at the station and followed him to the Kobayashi home, the home of Ueno’s former gardener, Kuzaboro Kobayashi, where he learned the history of Hachikō’s life. Shortly after the meeting, the former student published a documented census of Akitas in Japan. His research found only 30 purebred Akitas remaining, including Hachikō from Shibuya Station.
He returned frequently to visit Hachikō, and over the years he published several articles about the dog’s remarkable loyalty. In 1932, one of his articles, published in Asahi Shimbun, placed the dog in the national spotlight.
Hachikō became a national sensation. His faithfulness to his master’s memory impressed the people of Japan as a spirit of family loyalty to which all should strive to achieve. Teachers and parents used Hachikō’s vigil as an example for children to follow. A well-known Japanese artist rendered a sculpture of the dog, and throughout the country, a new awareness of the Akita breed grew.
Eventually, Hachikō’s legendary faithfulness became a national symbol of loyalty, particularly to the person and institution of Emperors.
Hachikō died on March 8, 1935 at the age of 11. He was found on a street in Shibuya. In March 2011, scientists finally settled the cause of death of Hachikō: the dog had both terminal cancer and a filaria infection. There were also four yakitori skewers in Hachikō’s stomach, but the skewers did not damage his stomach or cause his death.
After his death, Hachikō’s remains were cremated and his ashes were buried in Aoyama Cemetery, Minato, Tokyo where they rest beside those of Hachikō’s beloved master, Professor Ueno. Hachikō’s fur, which was preserved after his death, was stuffed and mounted and is currently on permanent display at the National Science Museum of Japan in Ueno, Tokyo.
n April 1934, a bronze statue based in his likeness sculpted by Teru Ando was erected at Shibuya Station( ), and Hachikō himself was present at its unveiling. The statue was recycled for the war effort during World War II. In 1948, the Society for Recreating the Hachikō Statue commissioned Takeshi Ando, son of the original artist, to make a second statue. When the new statue appeared, a dedication ceremony occurred. The new statue, which was erected in August 1948, still stands and is a popular meeting spot. The station entrance near this statue is named “Hachikō-guchi”, meaning “The Hachikō Entrance/Exit”, and is one of Shibuya Station’s five exits.
The Japan Times played an April Fools’ joke on readers by reporting that the bronze statue was stolen a little before 2:00 AM on April 1, 2007, by “suspected metal thieves”. The false story told a very detailed account of an elaborate theft by men wearing khaki workers’ uniforms who secured the area with orange safety cones and obscured the theft with blue vinyl tarps. The “crime” was allegedly recorded on security cameras.
After the release of the American movie Hachi: A Dog’s Tale (2009) filmed in Woonsocket, Rhode Island, the Japanese Consulate in the United States helped the Blackstone Valley Tourism Council and the city of Woonsocket to unveil an identical statue of Hachikō at the Woonsocket Depot Square, which was the location of the “Bedridge” train station featured in the movie.
On March 9, 2015, the Faculty of Agriculture of the University of Tokyo unveiled a bronze statue depicting Ueno returning to meet Hachikō at the University of Tokyo, Japan to commemorate the 80th anniversary of Hachikō’s death. The statue was sculpted by Tsutomo Ueda from Nagoya and depicts a very excited Hachikō jumping up to greet his master at the end of a workday. Ueno is dressed in a hat, suit, and trench coat, with his briefcase placed on the ground. Hachikō wears a studded harness as seen in his last photos.
Yaeko Sakano (坂野 八重子 Sakano Yaeko), more often referred as Yaeko Ueno, was an unmarried partner to Hidesaburō Ueno for about 10 years until his death in 1925. Hachikō was reported to have shown great happiness and affection towards her whenever she came to visit him. Yaeko died on 30 April 1961 at the age of 76 and was buried at a temple in Taitō, further away from Ueno’s grave, despite her requests to her family members to be buried with her late partner.
In 2013, Yaeko’s record which indicated that she had wanted to be buried with Ueno was found by Sho Shiozawa, the professor of the University of Tokyo. Shiozawa was also the president of the Japanese Society of Irrigation, Drainage and Rural Engineering, which manages Ueno’s grave at Aoyama Cemetery.
Later on November 10, 2013, which also marked the 90th anniversary of the Birth of Hachikō, Sho Shiozawa and Keita Matsui, a curator of the Shibuya Folk and Literary Shirane Memorial Museum, felt the need that Yaeko to be buried together with Ueno and Hachikō.
The process began with willing consent from the Ueno and Sakano families and the successful negotiations with management of the Aoyama Cemetery. However, due to regulations and bureaucracy, the process took about 2 years. Shiozawa also went on as one of the organizers involved with the erection of bronze statue of Hachikō and Ueno which was unveiled on the grounds of the University of Tokyo on March 9, 2015 to commemorate the 80th anniversary of Hachikō’s death.
Helen Keller touching the (2nd) statue of Hachikō during her visit to Japan in 1948
Monument of Hachikō, in the Aoyama Cemetery
Hachikō was the subject of the 1987 movie Hachi-kō (Hachiko Monogatari) ハチ公物語 (literally “The Tale of Hachiko”), directed by Seijirō Kōyama, which told the story of his life from his birth up until his death and imagined spiritual reunion with his master. Considered a blockbuster success, the film was the last big hit for Japanese film studio Shochiku Kinema Kenkyû-jo.
Hachi: A Dog’s Tale, released in August 2009, is an American movie starring actor Richard Gere, directed by Lasse Hallström, about Hachikō and his relationship with an American professor & his family following the same basic story, but a little different, for example Hachiko was a gift to professor Ueno, this part is entirely different in the American version. The movie was filmed in Woonsocket, Rhode Island, primarily in and around the Woonsocket Depot Square area and also featured Joan Allen and Jason Alexander. The role of Hachi was played by three Akitas – Leyla, Chico and Forrest. Mark Harden describes how he and his team trained the three dogs in the book, “Animal Stars: Behind the Scenes with Your Favorite Animal Actors.” After the movie was completed, Harden adopted Chico.
Hachikō is also the subject of a 2004 children’s book entitled Hachikō: The True Story of a Loyal Dog, written by Pamela S. Turner and illustrated by Yan Nascimbene.Another children’s book, a short novel for readers of all ages called Hachiko Waits, written by Lesléa Newman and illustrated by Machiyo Kodaira, was published by Henry Holt & Co. in 2004. Hachiko Waits was released in paperback by Square Fish (an imprint of MacMillan) in 2008. Hachikō is featured prominently in the 2008 novel The Story of Edgar Sawtelle by David Wroblewski. Hachikō plays an important part in the 1967 children’s book Taka-chan and I: A Dog’s Journey to Japan.
Based on Hachikō story, a movie in Telugu language was produced with the name ‘Tommy’. Tommy is a 2015 Telugu, drama film, produced by Changodi Hari Babu, Bosam Chinna Babu on Babu Pictures banner and directed by Raja Vannem Reddy. This film is adapted from the real story of Hachiko.
- “Hachiko: The Akita Who Became a Symbol of Loyalty”. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- “Unbelievable Facts”. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- “Hollywood the latest to fall for tale of Hachiko”. The Japan Times. Kyodo News. June 25, 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- “Kō (公)”. Kotobank.
- Dog faithfully awaits return of his master for past 11 years story Posted Aug 18, 2007 by Chris V. (cgull) in Lifestyle of Digital journal. Accessed July 8, 2008 ArchivedNovember 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- Bouyet, Barbara. Akita, Treasure of Japan, Volume II. Hong Kong: Magnum Publishing, 2002, page 5. ISBN 0-9716146-0-1. Accessed via Google Books April 18, 2010.
- Skabelund, Aaron Herald (23 September 2011). “Canine Imperialism”. Berfrois. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
- “Hollywood the latest to fall for tale of Hachiko,” The Japan Times, June 25, 2009
- “Mystery solved in death of legendary Japanese dog”. yahoo.com. Archived from the original on 5 March 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- “Worms, not skewer, did in Hachiko”. The Japan Times. 4 March 2011.
- Opening of the completely refurbished Japan Gallery of National Museum of Nature and Science “In addition to the best-loved specimens of the previous permanent exhibitions, such as the faithful dog Hachikō, the Antarctic explorer dog Jiro and Futabasaurus suzukii, a plesiosaurus native to Japan, the new exhibits feature a wide array of newly displayed items.” 2007 The National Science Museum, Tokyo. Accessed November 13, 2007
- Kimura, Tatsuo. “A History Of The Akita Dog”. Akita Learning Center. Retrieved May 6, 2011.
- “Stuffed body of Hachiko (& other notable canines)”. pinktentacle.com. 17 August 2009. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
- Drazen, Patrick (2011). A Gathering of Spirits: Japan’s Ghost Story Tradition: from Folklore and Kabuki to Anime and Manga. iUniverse. p. 101. ISBN 1462029426.
Aoyama Cemetery contains a memorial to Hachiko on the site of Professor Ueno’s grave. Some of Hachiko’s bones are reportedly buried there, but in fact, Hachiko can still be seen — stuffed, in the National Science Museum.
- Newman, Lesléa. Hachiko Waits. Macmillan, 2004. 91. Retrieved from Google Books on February 25, 2011. ISBN 0-8050-7336-1, ISBN 978-0-8050-7336-2.
- “METAL THIEVES SUSPECTED: Shibuya’s ‘loyal dog Hachiko’ vanishes overnight”. The Japan Times. April 1, 2007. Archived from the original on December 22, 2011.
- “Hachiko, Japan’s most loyal dog, finally reunited with owner in heartwarming new statue in Tokyo”. rocketnews24.com. 11 February 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- “Hachiko Statue University of Tokyo – Tokyo – Japan Travel – Japan Tourism Guide and Travel Map”. JapanTravel. Retrieved 2018-04-09.
- American Kennel Club (listed author): Complete Dog Book: The Photograph, History, and Official Standard of Every Breed Admitted to AKC Registration, and the Selection, Training, Breeding, Care, and Feeding of Pure-bred Dogs, Howell Book House, 1985, page 269. ISBN 0-87605-463-7.
- Ruthven Tremain, The Animals’ Who’s Who: 1,146 Celebrated Animals in History, Popular Culture, Literature, & Lore, Scribner, 1984, page 105. ISBN 0-684-17621-1. Accessed via Google Books August 21, 2008.
- on YouTube
- https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1994/06/03/japans-hero-barks-from-beyond-the-grave/aa761354-d891-4bed-b451-6f123f5fbd44/?noredirect=on Retrieved 13 Nov 2018.
- Ohmoro, Kazuya (2012-06-16). “Shibuya museum showcases last photo of loyal pooch Hachiko”. The Asahi Shimbun. Archived from the original on 2012-07-18.
- The Yomiuri Shimbun (2015-11-05). “Rare photograph shows Hachiko relaxing alone at Shibuya Station”. Yomiuri Shimbun. Archived from the original on 2015-11-14.
- “Remains of Hachiko master’s wife reinterred with husband, famously loyal dog”. Mainichi Daily News. 2016-05-20. Retrieved 2018-04-10.
- “In love and death – The Nation”. The Nation. Retrieved 2018-04-10.
- “もうひとつの「ハチ公」物語 – 読む・考える・書く”. 読む・考える・書く (in Japanese). 1463792889. Retrieved 2018-04-06. Check date values in:
- Hachikō Monogatari on IMDb .
- Anne Tereska Ciecko, Contemporary Asian Cinema: Popular Culture in a Global Frame, Berg Publishers, 2006, pages 194–195. ISBN 1-84520-237-6. Accessed via Google Books August 21, 2008.
- Company credits for Hachikō monogatari (1987) from Internet Movie Database
- Hachiko: A Dog’s Story on IMDb
- BEHIND THE FILM “Hachi: A Dog’s Tale” Vicki Shigekuni Wong accessed online October 1, 2013
- Ganzert, Robin; Anderson, Allen; Anderson, Linda; Becker (Foreword), Marty (Foreword) (September 16, 2014). Animal Stars: Behind the Scenes with Your Favorite Animal Actors (Hardcover) (1st ed.). New World Library. pp. 296 pages. ISBN 1608682633. ISBN 978-1608682638. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
- Publishers Weekly Reviewed on: 05/17/2004 accessed via the internet on October 1, 2013
- Hachiko Waits the various editions of the book on author’s website accessed October 1, 2013
- Hachiko Waits is now available in paperback. Published by Square Fish, 2008.ISBN 0-312-55806-6
- The Story of Edgar Sawtelle: Reviews.
- Lifton, Betty Jean; Hosoe, Eikoh, Taka-chan and I: A Dog’s Journey to Japan, The New York Review of Books, 1967.
- Futurama Live! Post-Show w/ Billy West, Maurice LaMarche, Matt Groening and more!. YouTube. 6 September 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- fremantle.wa.gov.au Archived April 16, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
Paul Newman “One Of The LionessMoon Unforgettables” Meowsjr =^.^=
Paul Leonard Newman
January 26, 1925
Shaker Heights, Ohio, U.S.
|Died||September 26, 2008 (aged 83)
Westport, Connecticut, U.S.
|Education||Kenyon College (BA)
|Occupation||Actor, voice actor, film director, producer, race car driver, Indy Car owner, entrepreneur|
|Organization||SeriousFun Children’s Network|
|Height||5 ft 9 1⁄2 in (177 cm)|
(m. 1949; div. 1958)
Joanne Woodward (m. 1958)
|Children||6; including Scott, Nell, and Melissa Newman|
Paul Leonard Newman (January 26, 1925 – September 26, 2008) was an American actor, voice actor, film director, producer, race car driver, IndyCar owner, entrepreneur, and philanthropist. He won and was nominated for numerous awards, winning an Academy Award for his performance in the 1986 film The Color of Money, a BAFTA Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award, a Cannes Film Festival Award, an Emmy Award, and many others. Newman’s other roles include the title characters in The Hustler(1961), Hud (1963), Harper (1966) and Cool Hand Luke (1967), as well as Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969), The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean (1972), The Sting (1973), and The Verdict (1982). He voiced Doc Hudson in the first installment of Disney-Pixar’s Cars as his final acting performance, with voice recordings being used in Cars 3 (2017).
Newman won several national championships as a driver in Sports Car Club of America road racing, and his race teams won several championships in open-wheel IndyCar racing. He was a co-founder of Newman’s Own, a food company from which he donated all post-tax profits and royalties to charity. As of January 2017, these donations have totaled over US$485 million. He was a co-founder of Safe Water Network, a nonprofit that develops sustainable drinking water solutions for those in need.
Akira Kurosawa “One Of The LionessMoon Unforgettables” Meowsjr =^.^=
|Born||March 23, 1910|
|Died||September 6, 1998 (aged 88)
Setagaya, Tokyo, Japan
|Resting place||An’yō-in, Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan|
|Occupation||Film director, screenwriter, producer, editor|
(m. 1945; her death 1985)
|Children||Hisao (b. 1945–) and Kazuko (b. 1954–)|
Akira Kurosawa (Kyūjitai: 黒澤 明, Shinjitai: 黒沢 明 Kurosawa Akira; March 23, 1910 – September 6, 1998) was a Japanese film director and screenwriter, who directed 30 films in a career spanning 57 years. He is regarded as one of the most important and influential filmmakers in the history of cinema.
Kurosawa entered the Japanese film industry in 1936, following a brief stint as a painter. After years of working on numerous films as an assistant director and scriptwriter, he made his debut as a director during World War II with the popular action film Sanshiro Sugata (a.k.a. Judo Saga). After the war, the critically acclaimed Drunken Angel (1948), in which Kurosawa cast then-unknown actor Toshiro Mifune in a starring role, cemented the director’s reputation as one of the most important young filmmakers in Japan. The two men would go on to collaborate on another 15 films.
Rashomon, which premiered in Tokyo, became the surprise winner of the Golden Lion at the 1951 Venice Film Festival. The commercial and critical success of that film opened up Western film markets for the first time to the products of the Japanese film industry, which in turn led to international recognition for other Japanese filmmakers. Kurosawa directed approximately one film per year throughout the 1950s and early 1960s, including a number of highly regarded (and often adapted) films, such as Ikiru(1952), Seven Samurai (1954) and Yojimbo (1961). After the 1960s he became much less prolific; even so, his later work—including his final two epics, Kagemusha (1980) and Ran (1985)—continued to win awards, though more often abroad than in Japan.
In 1990, he accepted the Academy Award for Lifetime Achievement. Posthumously, he was named “Asian of the Century” in the “Arts, Literature, and Culture” category by AsianWeek magazine and CNN, cited there as being among the five people who most prominently contributed to the improvement of Asia in the 20th century. His career has been honored by many retrospectives, critical studies and biographies in both print and video, and by releases in many consumer media formats.
Charles Bronson “One Of The LionessMoon Unforgettables” Meowsjr =^.^=
Charles Dennis Buchinsky
November 3, 1921
Ehrenfeld, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||August 30, 2003 (aged 81)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
(m. 1949; div. 1965)
(m. 1968; died 1990)
Kim Weeks (m. 1998)
|Allegiance||United States of America|
||United States Air Force|
|Years of service||1943–46|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Charles Bronson (born Charles Dennis Buchinsky; Lithuanian: Karolis Dionyzas Bučinskis; November 3, 1921 – August 30, 2003) was an American actor.
He was often cast in the role of a police officer, gunfighter, or vigilante in revenge-oriented plot lines. He had long-term collaborations with film directors Michael Winner and J. Lee Thompson, and appeared in fifteen films alongside his second wife, Jill Ireland.
Bronson was born Charles Dennis Buchinsky, the 11th of 15 children, in a Roman Catholic family of Lithuanian descent in Ehrenfeld, Pennsylvania, in the coal region of the Allegheny Mountains north of Johnstown, Pennsylvania.
His father, Valteris P. Bučinskis, who later adjusted his name to Walter Buchinsky to sound more “American”, was from Druskininkai in southern Lithuania. Bronson’s mother, Mary (née Valinsky), whose parents were from Lithuania, was born in the coal mining town of Tamaqua, Pennsylvania. The family had Lipka Tatar roots.
Bronson learned to speak English when he was a teenager; before that, he spoke Lithuanian and Russian.
Bronson was the first member of his family to graduate from high school. When Bronson was 10 years old, his father died and he went to work in the coal mines, first in the mining office and then in the mine. He later said he earned one dollar for each ton of coal that he mined. He worked in the mine until he entered military service during World War II. His family was so poor that, at one time, he had to wear his sister’s dress to school for lack of clothing.
World War II service
In 1943, Bronson enlisted in the United States Army Air Forces and served in the 760th Flexible Gunnery Training Squadron, and in 1945 as a Boeing B-29 Superfortress aerial gunner with the Guam-based 61st Bombardment Squadron within the 39th Bombardment Group, which conducted combat missions against the Japanese home islands.He flew 25 missions and received a Purple Heart for wounds received in battle.
Burt Reynolds “One Of The LionessMoon Unforgettables” Meowsjr =^.^=
Burton Leon Reynolds Jr.
February 11, 1936
Lansing, Michigan, U.S.
|Died||September 6, 2018 (aged 82)
Jupiter, Florida, U.S.
|Occupation||Actor, director, producer|
(m. 1963; div. 1965)
(m. 1988; div. 1993)
|Partner(s)||Sally Field (1977–1980)|
Burton Leon Reynolds Jr. (February 11, 1936 – September 6, 2018) was an American actor, director and producer. He first rose to prominence starring in television series such as Gunsmoke (1962–1965), Hawk (1966), and Dan August (1970–1971).
His breakout film role was as Lewis Medlock in Deliverance (1972). Reynolds played the leading role in a number of subsequent box office hits, such as The Longest Yard (1974), Smokey and the Bandit (1977), Semi-Tough (1977), Hooper (1978), Smokey and the Bandit II (1980), The Cannonball Run (1981) and The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas (1982).
After a number of box office failures, Reynolds returned to television, starring in the sitcom Evening Shade (1990–1994). He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in Boogie Nights (1997).
Karen Carpenter “One Of The LionessMoon Unforgettables” Meowsjr =^.^=
The Carpenters were an American vocal and instrumental duo of Karen (1950–1983) and Richard Carpenter (b. 1946).[a]They produced a distinct soft musical style, combining Karen’s contralto vocals with Richard’s arranging and composition skills. During their 14-year career, the Carpenters recorded ten albums, along with numerous singles and several television specials.
The siblings were born in New Haven, Connecticut, and moved to Downey, California, in 1963. Richard took piano lessons as a child, progressing to California State University, Long Beach, while Karen learned the drums. They first performed together as a duo in 1965 and formed the jazz-oriented Richard Carpenter Trio followed by the middle-of-the-road group Spectrum. Signing as Carpenters to A&M Records in 1969, they achieved major success the following year with the hit singles “(They Long to Be) Close to You” and “We’ve Only Just Begun“. Subsequently, the duo’s brand of melodic pop produced a record-breaking run of hit recordings on the American Top 40 and Adult Contemporary charts, and they became leading sellers in the soft rock, easy listening and adult contemporary music genres. The Carpenters had three number-one singles and five number-two singles on the Billboard Hot 100 and fifteen number-one hits on the Adult Contemporary chart, in addition to twelve top-10 singles. They have sold more than 90 million records worldwide, making them one of the best-selling music artists of all time. The duo toured continually during the 1970s, which put them under increased strain; Richard took a year off in 1979 after he had become addicted to Quaaludes, while Karen suffered from anorexia nervosa.
Their career together ended in 1983 following Karen’s death from heart failure brought on by complications of anorexia. Extensive news coverage surrounding these circumstances increased public awareness of eating disorders. Though the Carpenters were criticized for their clean-cut and wholesome conservative image in the 1970s, their music has since been re-evaluated, attracting critical acclaim and continued commercial success.
Karen Carpenter “One Of The LionessMoon Unforgettables” Meowsjr =^.^=
|Birth name||Karen Anne Carpenter|
|Born||March 2, 1950
New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.
|Died||February 4, 1983 (aged 32)
Downey, California, U.S.
Karen Anne Carpenter (March 2, 1950 – February 4, 1983) was an American singer and drummer who was part of the duo the Carpenters alongside her brother Richard. She was praised for her contralto vocals, and her drumming abilities were viewed positively by contemporary musicians and peers.
Carpenter was born in New Haven, Connecticut, and moved to Downey, California, in 1963 with her family. She began to study the drums in high school, and joined the Long Beach State choir after graduating. After several years of touring and recording, the Carpenters were signed in 1969, achieving commercial and critical success throughout the 1970s. Initially, Carpenter was the band’s full-time drummer, but gradually took the role of frontwoman as drumming was reduced to a handful of live showcases or tracks on albums. While the Carpenters were on hiatus in the late 1970s, she recorded a solo album, which was never released during her lifetime.
Carpenter had the eating disorder anorexia nervosa, which was little known at the time, and was briefly married in the early 1980s. She died at age 32 from heart failure caused by complications related to her illness; her death led to increased visibility and awareness of eating disorders. Her work continues to attract praise, including being listed in Rolling Stone‘s 100 greatest singers of all time.
Alan W Watts “One Of The LionessMoon Unforgettables” Meowsjr =^.^=
Alan Wilson Watts
6 January 1915
|Died||16 November 1973 (aged 58)|
|Nationality||British and American|
Alan Wilson Watts (6 January 1915 – 16 November 1973) was a British-American philosopher who interpreted and popularised Eastern philosophy for a Western audience. Born in Chislehurst, England, he moved to the United States in 1938 and began Zentraining in New York. Pursuing a career, he attended Seabury-Western Theological Seminary, where he received a master’s degree in theology. Watts became an Episcopal priest in 1945, then left the ministry in 1950 and moved to California, where he joined the faculty of the American Academy of Asian Studies.
Watts gained a large following in the San Francisco Bay Area while working as a volunteer programmer at KPFA, a Pacifica Radio station in Berkeley. Watts wrote more than 25 books and articles on subjects important to Eastern and Western religion, introducing the then-burgeoning youth culture to The Way of Zen (1957), one of the first bestselling books on Buddhism. In Psychotherapy East and West (1961), Watts proposed that Buddhism could be thought of as a form of psychotherapy and not a religion. He considered Nature, Man and Woman (1958) to be, “from a literary point of view—the best book I have ever written.”He also explored human consciousness, in the essay “The New Alchemy” (1958), and in the book The Joyous Cosmology(1962).
Towards the end of his life, he divided his time between a houseboat in Sausalito and a cabin on Mount Tamalpais. According to the critic Erik Davis, his “writings and recorded talks still shimmer with a profound and galvanizing lucidity.”